Hair loss or alopecia can be difficult for women who suffer from it. Experts give us the best treatments, remedies and tips to keep hair healthy and silky and explain the main causes of hair loss in women.
1.Hair transplantation: an effective treatment to counter female alopecia
Hair transplantation is a technique that aims to remove hair and re-implant it in a more open area. Hair transplants are successful in women who have lost their hair.” They are particularly effective,” says Dr. Wexler. Surgeons used to transplant entire strips of scalp, but transplanting individual hair follicles from the back of the scalp gives better results. Because the back of the head is more resistant to hair loss, there is usually more hair.” It’s tedious and expensive, but this approach represents the potential for good results in women,” says Dr. Wexler. Follicular transplants are performed by qualified hair transplant surgeons; some are dermatologists.
2. Try Minoxidil (Rogain and Apo-Gain)
A first option is Minoxidil, sold under the names Rogaine and Apo-Gain. It is a liquid to be applied on the scalp which slows down the loss, even accelerates the regrowth of a part of the hair and which is sometimes effective in the hair coat. There are topical or oral herbal remedies for men and women. They contain natural extracts of fenugreek seeds or dwarf palm, but there is no certainty as to their effectiveness.
“Minoxidil is a vasodilator drug that lowers blood pressure and can also slow hair loss and even promote regrowth,” explains Dimakos. Minoxidil. Dr. Robert Jones, who has recommended this treatment to many of his patients, says it is effective in most cases. But before you consider taking Minoxidil, you should consult a doctor.
3. Prescription drugs for hair loss
If the diagnosis is hair, it is usually treated with corticosteroid creams or scalp injections, which are more effective if done early. Several drugs with hormonal effects (birth control pills) help prevent female alopecia, since this hair loss is related to testosterone, and oral contraceptives block testosterone. But these oral medications have an increased risk of side effects compared to topical treatments. Discuss this with your doctor.
Topical steroids such as clobetasol, fluocinonide and hydrocortisone may be recommended for alopecia areata hair loss and other autoimmune cases, but these treatments will not work for genetic alopecia. In the case of chronic telogen effluvium, alopecia is usually short-term, sometimes with exacerbations, says Dr. Durosier. You can see a temporary improvement with a short course of topical steroids,” he says.
4. Platelet-rich plasma treatment (PRP）
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) treatment has a different approach. It stimulates regrowth rather than fighting alopecia.” In this treatment, the patient’s own blood and growth factors are used to stimulate hair growth,” says Dr. Donovan. Blood is collected and centrifuged to isolate the plasma which is injected back into the scalp to stimulate regrowth.
5 Low intensity laser treatment
Other non-surgical treatments include low intensity laser treatment. The laser is used to stimulate the blood supply to the scalp and cause hair follicles to grow back. Antiandrogen pills or hormone blockers like spironolactose or finasteride (Propecia), or even oral contraceptives, can help slow or even stop alopecia. All these treatments block the testosterone that can cause hair loss in some women whose hair is sensitive to androgens.
6.Make up your scalp
Products such as Surethik Hair Building Fibers give the impression of well-stocked hair. It makes up the areas affected by alopecia.” They are real hair to sprinkle on the head and attach to the scalp,” explains Nick Dimakos.
7 .Extensions and wigs
“Now hairpieces look natural, sometimes more than your hair,” says Dr. Wexler. Hair extensions are lighter than hairpieces. Plus, they’re a good option if you still have enough hair. Women can also supplement missing hair with thickening hair fiber powder. This powder is available in some pharmacies, hair salons and online. Sprinkle the fibers on your scalp and they should stay in place until the next shampoo.
8. Scalp tattooing
Scalp tattooing can be a more durable solution. Disadvantages? Yes, it carries risks, such as infection. In addition, the color of the tattoo changes over time.
9.Future treatments to better fight and control hair loss
New research is being done on prostaglandins, fat molecules that act as messengers. Although some prostaglandins are known to promote hair growth, others can inhibit it. This research could lead to new topical treatments that would restore hair regrowth. A prostaglandin-based eyelash growth product called Latisse is available in Canada.
How to better prevent and control hair loss in women
There are also preventive measures to stop alopecia. Dr. Nick Dimakos recommends consulting his doctor to check first if there is a thyroid imbalance. A quick diagnosis can help prevent and control hair loss.
Effective hair loss treatments for women: add volume
And what can we do until a lasting solution is found? Use products that increase the volume of your hair.” Volumizing shampoos can temporarily increase hair size. This improves the overall look of women’s hair,” explains dermatologist Jeff Donovan.
Deciem Grow Gorgeous Hair Densification Serum
Apply this serum every night to rebalance the hair cycle. This will wake the resting follicles so that more hair is in its growth stage. Cost: $50
Nioxin Night Density Rescue Hair Care
Do you use night creams to regenerate and soothe your facial skin while you sleep? Try the Nioxin Night Mask for Hair which will give the scalp comparable care. Its antioxidant formula reduces hair damage caused by free radicals. In addition, it creates an environment conducive to hair growth. Cost: $50
NISIM NewHair Biofactors Shampoo
This all-in-one shampoo can be easily integrated into your daily wash. It contains a mixture of amino acids and provitamin B5. These give more strength and support to the hair follicles. Cost: $50
TRIPHASIC ATP Intensive Fall Protection Regenerating Serum by rene furterer paris
This regenerative treatment to be done for three months works thanks to the adenosine triphosphate molecule. This molecule is known to triple the life cycle of hair. It improves hair rooting and hair bulb survival, thus reducing the risk of hair loss. Cost: $215 (for a three-month treatment)
Women with alopecia should avoid the use of gels, dyes and hair extensions. Vitamin B12 and iron supplements should also be avoided. Ponytails and braids can also accelerate hair loss. So it’s best to put those hairstyles aside,” says Jones. According to him, extensions weaken the scalp and can cause hair loss.
Hair loss in women: when should we worry about it?
The Canadian Dermatology Association (CDA) estimates that we lose about 100,000 hairs every day, but says it’s a completely normal action and most grow back. This is because our follicles experience continuous cycles of growth, rest and elimination.
What can become worrisome is the appearance of bald patches or the widening of your line.” It is estimated that 30% of women over 40 and 45% of menopausal women suffer from alopecia,” explains Dr Vincent Durosier, medical director of Ducray Dermatology Laboratories in Toulouse, France. Our hair grows about 3 cm a month. But Dr. Durosier says it’s not an ongoing process, which means the 100,000 hair follicles we’ve been talking about aren’t growing at the same rate. Thus, each hair on our head will stay there for three to six years before falling out. Discover below the main causes that can explain hair loss in women.
The main causes of hair loss in women
1.Female alopecia and menopause
With age, some women lose more hair than normal. The most common reason after menopause is female alopecia.” Feminine” is a key word here, because this baldness differs from that of men. While men see their foreheads balding, women experience hair loss as a thinning of the top of the skull or sides or an overall thinning that reveals the scalp.
According to Dr. Robert Jones of the Hair Transplant Centre in Oakville, Ontario, hair loss (or alopecia) in women is largely due to genetics. He estimates that 80 to 90 per cent of baldness cases are related to family history. This can be caused by a thyroid disorder, hormonal imbalance and side effects from medications such as antidepressants.
2.Stress and poor lifestyle
Nick Dimakos, founder of SureThik International, says stress is also a risk factor. Take a look at your lifestyle: a balanced diet, learning how to manage stress and getting a good night’s sleep can be all you need to stop hair loss.
3.Iron, zinc and silicon deficiencies
Hair loss associated with nutritional deficiencies can often be controlled by improving your overall well-being. A 2012 clinical study showed that Viviscal, a marine protein-based nutritional supplement, stimulates hair growth (without side effects) in women with temporary hair loss.
“When the body is stressed or deficient, it sees your hair as non-essential, so it stops feeding hair follicles to support vital organs,” says Mark Holland, CEO of Viviscal in North America. Iron deficiencies can also lead to hair thinning. Healthy eating is therefore important.” People deficient in zinc or iron can suffer severe hair loss, he says. A normal person can lose 50 to 100 hairs per day while one who suffers from an iron or zinc deficiency will have a much higher loss. Like zinc, silicon is essential.
“Good food sources of silicon include cucumber, mango, green leafy vegetables, beans, celery, strawberries and asparagus,” says Jenn Pike, a holistic nutritionist from Keswick, Ontario. Also choose foods rich in zinc: “pumpkin seeds, fresh oysters, Brazil nuts, organic eggs and pecans,” she adds.
Handfuls of hair fall off for no reason.” We think it could be an immune problem, but it’s a complicated disease and the exact cause is unknown,” says Dr. Denise Wexler, a dermatologist from London, Ontario and past president of the Canadian Dermatology Association. In the pelade, the body rejects the hair as invaders, although these can grow back without treatment within the year.
A lot of hair goes to rest and dies. This condition is triggered by an event that taxes the body, such as a high fever or extreme weight loss. You may not notice that a large portion of your hair has stopped growing, but this results in obvious hair loss in the following weeks or months. This is common among women who have given birth,” explains Dr. Wexler. By the time you notice the loss, healthy hair has already begun to grow.
A sudden drop in calorie intake can cause hair loss in small strands at a time.
7.The style of hairdressing
Also known as traction alopecia, hair loss is often the result of tight braids or ponytails.
8.Hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism
A hormonal disorder caused by a hypo or hyperactive thyroid gland can cause hair loss over the entire head. But the hair should grow back after the thyroid disorder treatment.
Hair loss can be caused by hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy or after delivery. Instead of having bald areas of the head or a widening of the parting, you could lose entire strands of hair.
10.Health problems and medications
Hair loss in women can also be a sign of an autoimmune condition, such as lupus or psoriasis. Certain medications, skin infections and even lack of sleep contribute to hair loss. This is why it is important to consult a health professional who will assess unexplained hair loss, especially if you notice systemic symptoms, such as weight change or intestinal problems. Your doctor will do a “pull test” to see how much hair falls easily, examine your scalp, take a biopsy of your hair or scalp and check your blood sugar.
If you are concerned about unusual hair loss, talk to your doctor. Treating an underlying disease or deficiency may be enough to restore your hair to its former glory. If you are taking medication for a chronic illness, tell your pharmacist or doctor about hair loss. The doctor can recognize the medication that causes excessive hair loss.